Egypt consistently ranks in the bottom hundred countries of the yearly corruption index compiled by Transparency International. Whilst an indicative index, this numerical categorisation alone fails to adequately capture the nuances of Egypt’s vulnerabilities to corruption. In response, Shadow Governance Intel believes that the Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (“MoA”) provides a case study in the manifestation of corruption. The MoA stands out due to persistent bribery scandals as well as its acute levels of opacity, which has implications for agribusiness in Egypt as a whole.
- The Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation is overtly susceptible to corruption, seemingly more so than other ministries and institutional bodies in Egypt.
- A rapid turnover in personnel, controversies surrounding agricultural imports and exports, and proven instances of bribery, support the view that the MoA remains a liability in terms of integrity.
- Thus, despite the official line, it is not clear who exerts primary control over the ministry, but opaque actors - such as the military and lesser known individuals - may hold greater clout than expected.