State led intimidation is not a new phenomenon in Egypt, however it is one that has gradually intensified during Sisi’s first two years as president. Authoritarian control is a recurrent theme in Egypt’s recent political history; it was as a defining feature of Nasser’s reign in the 1960’s and formed the basis of the more recent presidencies of Mubarak and Morsi. The analysis herein considers reasons behind why the state has intensified its use of intimidation in Egypt in recent months.


  • Egypt has employed intimidation tactics over the course of its recent political history but current levels are reminiscent of repression last seen in the 1960s.
  • Recent examples highlight different reasons why the state relies on intimidation to deal with perceived threats.
  • Given the rising military trajectory of the state, intimidation will likely continue into the next two years.