Iran’s bazaari’s represent a long-standing way in which commerce is organised. Given their enduring influence, it is important to understand the societal and political caveats that make bazaari’s more than market traders. Although not initially obvious to the foreign investor, these should firmly be on the political risk radar.
In Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, the tribal Bedouin are more influential than the state. This has a bearing on both the types of businesses flourishing in the region as well as the overall security dynamics.
The Kurdish energy sector faces important security threats from Sunni militant groups, namely ISIS and the PKK. As such, investors should monitor their operations closely.
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Clerics form the broadest societal network in Iran; and although their influence is believed to be waning, they still exert significant political and commercial influence. Understanding the proclivities of this group of Iranian power players is as important for investors interested in gaining exposure to the Iranian economy, as it is for political observers seeking to understand the levers of change.
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The oil sector has long provided revenues to the Kurdish coffers in Iraqi Kurdistan, but this now comes at a cost. This week Shadow Governance will release a report detailing the KRG’s energy sector – its power players, and key operational obstacles, including commercial political exposure, legal ambiguities, political infighting, and security concerns.
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With emergency law a potential disincentive to #investment in Egypt, this analysis considers why President Sisi has triggered it – ostensibly to the detriment of foreign investment and political stability
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Investors should look behind the nationalist rhetoric of Iran’s economic policies, with several indications that Iran is set to be highly receptive to foreign investment. Understanding the context of Iran’s Five Year Development Plan will reveal where avenues of untapped profitability lie.
King Salman’s one month tour of Asia produced several bilateral agreements of note between Saudi and China, particularly in the energy sector. However, the intentions of these may be more-deep rooted.
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Iran is fast becoming an attractive investment location, but its susceptibility to illicit financial practices remains a pernicious thorn in the side of foreign investors. Money laundering, terrorist financing and politically exposed persons are issues that still merit attention.
The promise of a new capital city 45 km East of Cairo has so far garnered negative headlines, namely for its failure to finalise contracts. Where Gulf and Chinese interest has faltered, the cards suggest the only winner to be domestic patronage.
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Given the importance of energy sector dynamics in the Middle East, understanding Iran’s energy sector proclivities – including its political exposure, and who wields influence - is critical for foreign investors.
The development of Erbil’s energy sector is undermined by complex political tensions, and operating in Kurdistan is laced with nuances and hidden risks. International investors who navigate political forces in Iraq and Kurdistan, however, can tilt the risk – reward ratio in their favour.