Shocked by various terrorist attacks in Kazakhstan, the leadership of the most stable Central Asian country since the disintegration of the Soviet Union appears to be making concrete responses to rising economic and societal challenges, combined with addressing the issue of leadership transition following the death of Islam Karimov in neighbouring Uzbekistan.
 
The most recent decision of Nazarbayev to reshuffle the Cabinet responsible for overseeing the country’s security apparatus, while keeping the rest of the Cabinet intact, should be viewed as a penultimate step towards consolidating and tightening how power rests in Kazakhstan in the lead up to any future political transition.