In April 2018, Tanzanian President John Magufuli finally appointed a chairman to the country’s newly established Mining Commission, allowing Tanzania to resume issuing new mining licences and permits more than nine months after the president suspended the process until the Commission was in place.

The Mining Commission, which has assumed the operational functions and responsibilities of several formerly separate government agencies, boasts a wide remit of powers, including the ability to issue and revoke licences, and auditing the quality and quantity of minerals produced and exported by miners.

While it is yet unclear how the Mining Commission will operate in its new role as overall regulator and monitor of Tanzania’s mining sector, the long-awaited establishment of a functioning governing body is not only expected to ease investor uncertainty, but it also has the potential to improve the overall ease of doing business in the country’s mining sector.