Nigeria has long been dominated by ethnic divisions, with many political relationships formed on the basis of ethnicity and region. While the Yoruba are one of the most populous and dominant ethnic groups in Nigeria, its influence in political circles remains largely regional, with the exception of a few major political kingmakers.
While 'conflict free' certification schemes for 3TG imports from the DRC are commendable, in practice their effectiveness remains limited. This is particularly apparent in their failures to address the less publicised issue of how artisanal and small-scale mining in the DRC contributes to environmental crime.
After just one year, President Akufo-Addo's highly-publicised anti-corruption campaign appears to be faltering amid allegations of nepotism. Several influential positions within both Ghana's political and commercial spheres have since been filled by those with close connections to a number of NPP elites.
Despite a marked increase in judicial autonomy over the past several decades, the Tanzania judiciary remains subject to external manipulation and executive influence. Low salaries and a lack of resources further encourages corruption and rent-seeking behaviour, leading to an erosion of public confidence in this institution.
Tanzania's ruling CCM party has long dominated the country's political landscape, utilising its position in power to win - what are perceived to be - democratic elections. However, on close inspection, the intimidation and harassment of opposition politicians, activists and supporters by state institutions highlight that this 'power play' is a common tool of influence.